Fact / Reality
MILITARY IS THE ROOT OF VIOLENCE & CRIME OF HUMANITY IN WEST PAPUA SINCE 1 MAY 1963
“… The soldiers who have been dispatched are quite a terrible group. It is as if in Jakarta they were just picked up from the side of the road. Maybe they really are.” (Pastor Frans Leishout, OFM).
“There is an impression that Papuans are treated as if they are not recognized as human. We remember the heinous murder of Theys Eluay in the car that was offered to him to return home from a Kopassus reception. “
“The situation in Papua is bad, abnormal, uncivilized and embarrassing, because it is closed to foreign media. Papua is a rotting wound on the body of the Indonesian nation. ” (p. 255).
“… we will be exposed in front of the civilized world, as a savage nation, a nation that kills the Papuan people, even though we are not using sharp weapons.” (p. 257). (Source: Franz: Nationality, Democracy, Pluralism of Interest in Actual Political Ethics, 2015).
Pastor Frans Lieshout testified about his life experiences as follows:
“On May 1, 1963, Indonesians arrived. They gave the impression of a gang of muggers. The soldiers that had been sent were quite a terrible group. It was as if in Jakarta they were just picked up from the side of the road. Maybe so.”
(Source: Pastor Frans Lieshout OFM: Pastors and Teachers for Papua, 2020, p. 593).
Pastor Frans Leishout, OFM has served in Papua for 56 years since arriving in Papua on 18 April 1969 and returning to the Netherlands on 28 October 2019. Father Frans in the Dutch newspaper De Volkskrant (Koran Rakyat) published on 10 January 2020, conveyed his experiences in Tanah Papua.
“I was on one of the last KLM flights to Hollandia, and on May 1, 1963 the Indonesians arrived. They gave the impression of a band of muggers. The soldiers that had been sent were quite a terrible group. It was as if in Jakarta they were just being picked up from the side. the way. Maybe so. “
“At that time I myself saw their anger. Looted goods not only in shops, but also in hospitals. All kinds of goods were taken and sent by boat to Jakarta. Everywhere there were firewood: the books and documents of the Dutch archives were burned. ” (2020: p. 593).
Pastor Frans described who Indonesia really is. “The face of Indonesia is from the beginning the face of a military power.” (p. 594).
Amirudin al Rahab confirmed and strengthened, “… the Papuans are slowly, both elite and commoners, also getting to know Indonesia in its true meaning. In short, in the Papuan view, ABRI is Indonesia, Indonesia is ABRI.” (Source: Heboh Papua, 2010, p. 43.
In the monthly report of the Papuan Church Council (WPCC) on July 5, 2020 entitled: “OTSUS DEVELOPMENT OF INDONESIA FOR THE WELL-BEING OF THE PEOPLE OF PAPUA IS DEAD”, describes the behavior and faces of the Indonesian authorities.
“As soon as they got a place in Papua after UNTEA on May 1, 1963, the elites who showed their strength and burned all books, documents, journals and all writings on history, ethnography, population, government, all burned in front of the crowd in the DPRP office yard. now in Jayapura “(See, Acub Zainal in his memoir: I Love the Army).
Brigadier General. Acub Zaenal (PANGDAM 17 TRIKORA at that time, and the Governor of West Irian) in his testimony: “How embarrassed I am all the houses in Jayapura and Biak, the immigrants looted chairs, cupboards, refrigerators, beds, Gordyn cloth, carpets. And more. shame is they prying the door grandle stolen too. “
“In early June 1963 many sons and daughters of West Irian who were civil servants were stopped and displaced and replaced by new Indonesian officials. In Jayapura and Biak, robberies were carried out by migrants who broke into employees’ houses and looted goods in the form of: planes. radio, radio, bed and refrigerator, clothes and even their garden products they take and take them away. This happened in several cities in Papua from May to June 1963. ” (Source: Resolution of the Indonesian National Party (PNI) West Irian Region, 6 June 1963, No.2 / PN-II / 1973).
“They went to houses that had just been abandoned by high-ranking Dutch government officials and government offices, took / robbed all the belongings of Dutch houses and offices, then loaded them into parked cars / trucks to be taken out of Papua. After robbing the goods from the homes and offices of the Dutch government, another group / group entered the houses of Papuan employees: in the city of Biak, Kotabaru (Jayapura) the Indonesian elites took the goods and brought them to be sent out of Papua. Later, President Soekarno himself delivered a warning through Dwwan’s speech from the National Party Executive. “
(Source: Resolution of the Indonesian National Party (PNI) in the I Regional Council Meeting on 9 June 1963).
Another incident, “in April 1963, Adolof Henesby, the principal of a Christian school in Jayapura, was arrested by Indonesian soldiers. His school was ransacked and looked for Papuan national symbols, flags, books, cards, anything related the culture of the Papuan people was taken. Adolof Henesby was taken to the Indonesian army hostel and interrogated about why he still kept and kept the symbols of Papua “(TAPOL, Bulletin No.53, September 1982).
“The massive burning of all text books from schools, history and all symbols of Papuan nationalism in Taman Imbi by ABRI (now: TNI) was led by the Minister of Culture of Indonesia, Mrs. Rusilah Sardjono.”
President of the Republic of Indonesia, Ir. Sukarno issued a Prohibition Letter on May Number 8 of 1963.
“Banning / blocking the emergence of New Party branches in West Irian. In the West Irian area political activities are prohibited in the form of rallies, demonstrations, printing, publications, announcements, distribution, trade or articles, public plays, images. the first unauthorized depiction or photographs of the governor or the official appointed by the President. “
The robbery and looting by the Indonesian military was described by Djopari as follows.
“… When the Dutch left West Irian, they left everything that was public and private property to the local government and their acquaintances or subordinates. In this case, various military equipment in military dormitories, equipment in government offices, facilities – facilities at the airport and port, complete official housing equipment and complete private houses After May 1, 1963, people in the cities of Jayapura, Biak Manokwari and Sorong witnessed that various facilities for use in Irian Jaya were transported to other parts of Indonesia using available transportation whether it is a bed, mattress, washing machine, glass nako, wash tafel, oven, bicycle, vesva, fan, airplane ladder at Mokmer Biak International Airport, and floating dock in Manokwari. ” (Djopari, 1993, p.83, read: Yoman, Door to Free Papua: 2001, p.49).
Filep Karma in his book: “As if We Are Half Human” says:
“… They (read: Indonesia) view, regard and treat Papuans as half human, not recognized as human beings in general.”
“Then there was the deprivation of Papuans’ rights, including land, government positions, or private companies, which were owned by Papuans. These companies were sometimes taken over.”
“For example, in Papua, there was the Nieuwnhuijs company, which was owned by my family. The Rumpaisum was taken over by a person from Manado. Now the company belongs to them, engaged in ship cargo expeditions.”
The compatibility of Rumpaisum’s biological children on August 15, 2020 to the author is as follows.
“The story about the Niewenhuijz Expedition or Varuna Pura is true that leading the President Director is my biological father, namely Max Fredinand Rumpaisun, who lives on Jl Percetakan No. 2 Jayapura, which is now Bank Indonesia. I also feel Indonesia’s injustice. Our house was seized by Swaja by turning Behind the fact that the land certificate was in 1979. At that time I was in grade 2 elementary school and my father was in Jakarta preparing to go to the Netherlands. And my father’s land, which is now the PLN complex near Sentani airport, was confiscated about 2.5 hectares.
Even though at that time I was only 8 years old. But we felt military cruelty when we were forced out of the house at the printing house. At the end of my story, my father was forced to return from Jakarta, even though in 3 days he had already left for the Netherlands, with the hope that these two cases were over but it turned out that he lost. Imagine that I was used to living in luxury and over time, having a hard time. However, my father always insisted that it was only the treasure of the world. Seek the kingdom of God and he will find everything. Amen. With the intervention of God, Father in heaven, I have now become an educated child. “
“Another example, in Jayapura, on Jalan Irian – fighters call Jalan Merdeka – almost all shops owned by Papuans in the 1960s are now not Papuans anymore. These shops have changed hands to non-Papuans. in harsh ways. Sometimes by accusing Papuans of being OPM, when they are arrested, all their assets change hands to non-Papuans. “
“Another example. An Samudera Maya gas station at Dok V Bawah, Jayapura, owned by a Dutchman. When the Dutch returned, around 1961 and 1962, the owner handed over the gas station to Herman Wayoi, complete with all ownership rights and business permits. . When he joined the Indonesian army, the gas station was forcibly taken from Herman Wayoi. He was accused of being OPM, detained by the military, then without trial, he was jailed in a military prison for several years. The company remains the property of the Army. ” (Karma, 2015, pp. 7-8, read: Against Racism and Stigma in the Land of Papua, 2020, p. 220)
Lazarus Sawias describes the life of indigenous Papuans before Indonesia occupied and colonized Papua.
“We once had a timber procurement company in Manokwari to supply wood needs for houses in Papua. There is also the largest shipyard in the South Pacific. Here in New Guinea, now West Papua, to be precise in Hamadi there is a Zeevaart school. (Sailing School) young people from the South Pacific go to this school. We also have the most luxurious and most comprehensive Hospital at Dok 2 Hollandia (Jayapura), patients from the South Pacific can be referred to this hospital. after Indonesia occupied and colonized Papua. ” (Yoman: 2020, p. 222).
In 1965-1968 in Saosapor, Werur, Kwoor and Fev, Tambrauw, ABRI troops cut people’s throats and carried the heads around the entire village to terror and intimidate indigenous Papuans so that in the 1969 Act, they chose Indonesia. Even in Sorong ABRI shot dead Otniel Safkaur, Abner Asmuruf, Yohanes Kareth, Kristian Kareth, Saul Kareth, Kalep Jepse, Kosmos Nauw, Adam Kambuaya, Elia Kambuaya, Musa Keba, Adam Korain, Howard Jitmau and Sehu Jitmau and many more throughout Papua Land.
B. MILITARY DESTROYING THE FUTURE OF PAPUAN PEOPLE IN AFC 1969
Implementation of Popular Opinion Determination (Pepera) on July 14 – August 2 1969, the people and nation of West Papua were not involved in choosing to become part of Indonesia. Because of the total population of indigenous Papuans 809,337 people at the time of the 1969 Pepera. From this population ABRI (now: TNI) selected and selected 1,025 people.
This means that there were 808,332 indigenous Papuans who never participated and chose to stay with Indonesia in the Pepera process from July 14 to August 2, 1969. It should be emphasized that 1,025 people were the choice of ABRI, not the choice of indigenous Papuans. Participants of the Pepera Deliberative Council (DMP) were under terror, intimidation and pressure from the muzzle of ABRI’s weapons.
In the process of entering Papua into Indonesian territory, the Indonesian military played a very large role in the implementation process and after the 1969 Pepera. Various military documents have shown this. One of them is Col. Official Telegram Letter. Inf. Soepomo, Tjenderawasih XVII Military Regional Command Number: TR-20 / PS / PSAD / 196, dated 20-2-1967, based on Radio Gram MEN / PANGAD No .: TR-228/1967 TBT dated 7-2-1967, regarding: facing a referendum at the IRBA in 1969.
It was said there, “To synergize all activities in each field by using all the strengths of the material and personnel who are organic and B / P both from the Army and from other forces. Stick to guidelines. The referendum at the IRBA in 1969 had to be won, had to be won. The existing vital strategic materials must be secured. Minimizing the defeat of our troops by reducing static outposts. This letter is an order for the OPS to be implemented. Each coordinated as well as possible. Pangdam 17 / PANG OPSADAR ”.
Colonel Infateri Soemarto’s secret letter issued by the Dutch National Newspaper, NRC Handdelsblad, March 4, 2000. “In 1969 the Indonesian government manipulated the Act of Free Choice regarding the official status of Dutch New Guinea (Irian Jaya). By all means, natural or unnatural, Jakarta wants to deter indigenous Papuans from voting against joining Indonesia. This is evident from the so-called “secret order” in May 1969 given by Soemarto, the Indonesian commander in Merauke, the district head of the area… ”(Source: Dutch National Newspaper: NRC Handdelsbald, March 4, 2000).
The report of Hugh Lunn, the Australian journalist, stated, “In Manokwari, while the council was voting, Papuan youths from outside the meeting room sang“ alone, alone ”church songs. To deal with this the Indonesian soldiers grabbed them and threw them in the car and took them away in a car. Hugh Lunn, a foreign journalist who was present, was threatened with a gun by the Indonesians while taking photos of Papuan demonstrations ”(Dr. John Saltford: Irian Jaya: United Nations Involment With The Act of Self-Determination In West Papua (Indonesia West New Guinea) 1968-1969 citing the report of Hugh Lunn, an Australian journalist, August 21, 1999).
According to Amiruddin al Rahab: “Papua is integrated with Indonesia with its back as a military government.” (Source: Heboh Papua Secret War, Trauma and Separatism, 2010: p. 42).
What Amiruddin said was not exaggerated, there are historical facts that the military was directly involved and played a major role in the implementation of PEPERA 1969. Ambassador Gabon at the UN General Assembly in 1989 asked question number 6: “Why there is no secret representative, but open deliberations attended by the government. and military? “(Source: United Nations Official Records: 1812th Plenary Meeting of the UN GA, agenda item 108, 20 November 1969, paragraph 11, p. 2).
“On July 14, 1969, PEPERA started with 175 Members of the Deliberative Council for Merauke. On that occasion a large group of Indonesian soldiers attended …” (Source: Official Report of the United Nations Annex 1, paragraphs 189-200).
The political rights of the people and nation of West Papua are completely betrayed. The basic rights and conscience of the West Papuan people are destroyed with the muzzle of the Indonesian military’s weapons, despite the fact that in June 1969, the United States Ambassador to Indonesia admitted to a member of the UN Team, Ortiz Sanz, in secret: “that 95% of the people Papuans support the Papuan independence movement ”(Source: Summarey of Jack W. Lydman’s report, July 18, 1969, in NAA, Extracts given to author by Anthony Bamain).
The Indonesian Ambassador, Sudjarwo Tjondronegoro, admitted: “Many Papuans may not agree to stay with Indonesia.” (Source: UNGA Official Records MM.ex 1, para 126).
Dr. Fernando Ortiz Sanz reported to the UN General Assembly in 1969:
“The majority of Papuans show a desire to part with Indonesia and support the idea of establishing an independent Papua State.” (Source: UN Doc. Annex I, A / 7723, paragraph 243, p.47).
The involvement of the Indonesian Military is also acknowledged by Sintong Panjaitan in his book: The Journey of a Soldier, the Role of Commando:
“If we (TNI) did not carry out the Combat, Territorial, Authority operations before the 1969 Pepera, the implementation of the Act in West Irian could be won by the Free Papua group.” (2009: p. 169).
From the facts of these atrocities and crimes, Amiruddin describes this very accurately and beautifully, as follows:
“The presence and actions of ABRI, which often perpetrate violence in Papua, then gave birth to a distinctive attitude in Papua, namely Indonesia is associated with violence. To get out of violence, Papuans began to build a Papuan identity as a reaction against violence perpetrated by members ABRI has been the representative of Indonesia for many years in Papua. … Papuans are slowly, both elite and commoners, also getting to know Indonesia in its true meaning. In short, ABRI is Indonesia, Indonesia is ABRI. ” (p. 43).
Dr. Fernando Ortiz Sanz reports: “… the political views and desires of the Papuan people have been conveyed through various media channels: statements and other communications were conveyed to me in writing or orally, peaceful demonstrations, and in some cases expressed anxiety or insecurity, including events along the border between West Irian and the Papua New Guinea region administered by Australia ”(Official source: UNGA, Annex IA / 7723, 6 November 1969, paragraph 138, p. 45).
“Statements (petitions) about the annexation of Indonesia, the tense incidents in Manokwari, Enarotali and Waghete, the struggles of the people in the interior controlled by the Australian government, and the existence of political prisoners, more than 300 people who were released on request I, show that without a doubt the elements of the population of West Irian firmly hold to their desire to be independent. However, the answer given by the deliberative council members to the question they were asked was to agree to stay with Indonesia ”(Official source: UNGA Annex IA / 7723, paragraph 250, p. 70).
In connection with the deception of the 1969 Act, Dr. Fenando Ortiz Sanz, the UN representative, who oversaw the implementation of the 1969 Act, reported the following.
“I must state at the outset of this report that when I arrived in West Irian in August 1968, I was faced with problems that did not meet the provisions of the New York Agreement Article XVI. Previously the UN experts who were present in West Irian when the full transfer of administrative responsibility to Indonesia was eliminated, they were not well acquainted with the situation, shortening their duties.
Consequently, their basic functions of advising and assisting in preparation for establishing Self-Determination provisions were not supported during the period 1 May 1963-23 August 1968. Upon my presence in West Irian, for the purposes of my mission, I have begun by gathering , trying to fulfill in a few months with a limited staff that is not balanced with a large area, important and complex functions under the New York XVI Agreement should be carried out for 5 (five) years with a number of experts “(Official source: UN Doc. Annex IA / 7723, paragraph 23, p.4)
“I regret to state my observations about the implementation of Article XXII (22) of the New York Agreement, which deals with rights including the rights to free speech, freedom of movement, freedom of association, indigenous peoples. In carrying out permanent endeavors, these essential conditions are not fully implemented and the administration of administration is at every opportunity subject to strict political control over the indigenous population. ” (Source: Official Report on the Results of the 1969 Pepera at the UN General Assembly, Paragraphs 164, 260).
Dr. Fernando Ortiz Sanz in his official report at the 1969 UN General Assembly stated: “The majority of Papuans show a desire to part with Indonesia and support the idea of establishing an Independent Papua State” (Source: UN Doc. Annex I, A / 7723, paragraph, 243, p. .47).
Piter Sirandan, a historical witness sent by the Government of Indonesia to win the 1969 Pepera, in early December 2009, after reading the author’s book: “Extermination of Ethnic Melanesians: Breaking the Silence of the History of Violence in West Papua (2007), testified:
“Pak Yoman, after I read Pak Yoman’s books, I am very sorry. I used to be a Judas because I was assigned by the State to monitor indigenous Papuans. I cried and shed tears because I betrayed the Indigenous Papuans. I was commissioned by the state to win the 1969 Act and defend West Irian. “
“I arrived in Jayapura, December 1, 1964. I witnessed ABRI shooting Elly Uyok dead at Rex Cinema (now: Jayapura Post Office). I took the corpse off and the blood was on my shirt.”
“We know that at the time of the 1969 Pepera, the Papuan people really wanted independence. I knew that 100% of Papuans wanted independence. Their dreams and hopes were completely destroyed.”
“I was the one who held a lot of money at that time and paid to the people who pulled out the words:” One Man One Vote “which Ortiz Sanz would skip and be replaced by planting the” Red and White Flag. “
“At that time, I received a prize money of Rp. 7,000,000; (seven million) from the Indonesian government because I was deemed successful in deceiving Papuans and winning the 1969 Pepera. Therefore, now I really support the Papuan struggle for independence.”
(Source: Yoman, Unfinished Integration, 2010, pp. 91-92).
C. THE MILITARY FACE IN A SPECIAL AUTONOMY ERA
The cruelty of the Indonesian authorities was proven by the Indonesian military operation in Nduga-Papua on the orders of the State. President of the Republic of Indonesia, Ir. Joko Widodo gave orders for the TNI to carry out the December 2018-2020 operation.
The Indonesian President ordered: “Arrest all the perpetrators of the shootings in Papua. Down to the root” (Source: DetikNews / 5/12/2028).
The President was also supported by Vice President H. Jusuf Kalla and he ordered: “This case, yes, the police and the TNI were operating on a large scale, because this is clearly them, the armed group who shot.” (Source: Tribunnews.com/6/12/2018).
The military operation order from the President of the Republic of Indonesia was supported by the Chairman of the Indonesian House of Representatives, Bambang Soesatyo: “… the DPR proposes the government to establish Military Operations other than the war in Papua.” (Source: Kompas.com/13/12/2018).
The military operation order was strengthened by Menkopolhukam, H. Dr. Wiranto: “Regarding the KKB in Nduga Papua, we will finish them off.” (Kompas.com/13/12/2018).
In Special Autonomy there is the construction of new Kodim and Koramil throughout Papua. For example: Kodim 1714 Puncak Jaya, Kodim 1715 Yahukimo, Battalion 756 Jayawijaya, Koramil 1715 Kenyam, Nduga and many more in Tanah Papua from Sorong-Merauke.
There are several Polres construction, such as: Puncak Jaya Police, Lanny Jaya Police, Tolikara Police, Intan Jaya Police, Yahukimo Police, Polres and many more from Sorong-Merauke.
Puncak Polres which cost more than 13 billion. This is in accordance with the recognition of the Papua Police Chief, General Pol. Paulus Waterpauw, who entered the author’s cellphone:
“Dear Chief of Police, for permission to report, we are currently with the Military Commander in Puncak Ilaga Regency in order to carry out the inauguration of the Ilaga Puncak Regency Police, assisted by the Puncak Ilaga Regional Government budget for more than 13 M since 2016, yesterday we also participated in laying the first stone of the Ilaga Puncak Military Command in the District. Gome Kab Puncak, the development dump will be implemented in the first Ksp Kapolda Papua. ” (Source: WashApp Kapolda Papua, 21 July 2020).
The question is the source of funds from which Kodim and Polres were built in each new district in the era of Special Autonomy? Do the Papuan people need the construction of the Kodim and Polres in each district?
Did the 13 billion more funds from the Puncak regional government come from the 2001 Special Autonomy fund or the APBD or APDN funds?
Military operations in Nduga Regency from December 2018 to 2020, military operations are continuing. As a result, 205 people died because they were shot by the TNI and died in refugee camps due to starvation. Nearly 37,000 Nduga natives fled their hometowns and fled to Lanny Jaya, Timika, Ilaga and Jayawijaya.
On September 20, 2020, the Indonesian National Army (TNI) shot dead Elias Karunggu (40) and Selu Karunggu (20) on the bank of the Kenyem river, in the village of Meganggorak, Nduga. The reason was that the father and son were suspected by the TNI as members of the West Papua National Liberation Army (TPN-PB).
On December 19, 2018, the TNI shot dead Pastor Geyimin Nigiri (83), a Church figure and a Church Pioneer Church Pioneer in Nduga Regency. The TNI shot dead and burned Geyimin’s body by pouring kerosene on the back of his house.
There is a story of a pregnant woman who is very sad and touches the conscience of all of us due to the Indonesian Military Operation in Nduga.
“I gave birth to a child in the middle of the forest on December 4, 2018. Many people thought my child had died. It turned out that my child was still breathing. My child is sick, has difficulty breathing and has a cough with phlegm. It was very cold in the forest, so when we walked again, I felt that my baby had not moved. We thought he was dead. The family has given up. A family asked me to throw my child away because he thought he was dead.
But I still love and carry my child. Yes, if I really die, I have to bury my child properly even in the forest. As I kept carrying my baby, my brother made a fire and heated the leaves of the tree, and the heated leaves he stuck them all over my baby’s body. After the brothers put the heated leaves on the fire, my baby breathed and drank milk.
We were scared because the TNI continued to shoot at our hiding place. We continued walking in the forest and we searched for a cave that we could hide in. So, I just arrived from Kuyawagi, Lanny Jaya Regency. We have been in Kuyawagi since early December 2018. Before going to Kuyawagi, we lived in the forest without eating enough food for several weeks. We are very hard and suffering on our own land. ” (Source: Suara Papua, 8 June 2019).
During a military operation in Nduga, the TNI shot dead 5 civilians on 20 September 2019 at Kenbobo Mountain Cave, Inye District and their bodies were buried in a grave. The names of the dead victims: (1) Yuliana Dorongi (35 / Female), (2) Yulince Bugi (25 / Female; (3) Masen Kusumburue (26 / Female; (4) Tolop Bugi (13 / Female; (5) Hardius Bugi (15 / L). (Official source: Theo Hesegem, Papuan Human Integrity Justice and Peace Foundation).
In the Tolikara case, Friday, July 17 2015, 11 people were shot by Indonesian security forces and 10 people were injured. 1 person named Endi Wanimbo died at the hands of Indonesian security forces.
In this case, racism, injustice and gross human rights violations were proven. Racism and injustice can be seen by the Commander of the TNI, the Chief of Police, the Minister of Social Affairs who come to Tolikara district only to take care of the immigrants in Tolikara, take care of the burning logs and senk kiosks. Because the kiosk is used as a place of worship (Musolah). The mosque was on fire, not on fire. The TNI Commander, National Police Chief and Minister of Social Affairs of the Republic of Indonesia did not question the 10 people who were injured as a result of being shot by the Indonesian security forces and 1 Endi Wanimbo who was killed.
D. THE FOUR ROOTS OF PAPUA PROBLEM
The rotting wound on the body of the Indonesian nation is the 4 main root cause of Papua’s problems. The government and TNI-Polri are trying hard in various forms to eliminate the 4 roots of the Papuan problems formulated by the Indonesian Institute of Sciences (LIPI) which are contained in the book Papua Road Map: Negociating the Past, Improving the Present and Securing the Future (2008), namely:
1) History and political status of the integration of Papua into Indonesia;
(2) State violence and gross human rights violations since 1965 that have not been resolved;
(3) Discrimination and marginalization of indigenous Papuans in their own land;
(4) Development failure includes education, health, and the economy of the Papuan people.
The Indonesian State’s atrocities and crimes against OAP have so far created the attitude of the Papuan people with the following five positions:
(1) AWARENESS (Awareness) of all the people of West Papua, that the modern colonial rulers of Indonesia occupied and colonized and destroyed the West Papuan people;
(2) DISTRUST (distrust) of Indonesia;
(3) DISOBEDIENCE (Non-compliance), against Indonesia;
(4) REJECTION (Rejection) to Indonesia; and
(5) RESISTANCE (Resistance) to the Indonesian rulers from the people and nation of West Papua.
E. THE ROAD OF COMPLETION
Indonesia and ULMWP sit equally at the peace negotiation table mediated by a neutral third party, such as the example of GAM Aceh and Indonesia Helsinki on August 15, 2005.
Ita Wakhu Purom, 28 August 2020
1. President of the Communion of West Papua Baptist Churches.
2. Member: Papua Church Council (WPCC).
3. Member of Baptist World Alliance (BWA)