The Political Reality of Divide and Conquer
POLITICS OF DIVIDE AND CONQUER AND SEPARATION OF THE INTEGRITY OF INDIGENOUS PAPUANS WITH THE IRRATIONAL & UNREALISTIC CREATION OF NEW PROVINCES IN PAPUA DUE TO THE FACT THAT THE TOTAL POPULATION OF THE PROVINCE OF PAPUA AND WEST PAPUA IS ONLY 4,392,024 PEOPLE
By Dr. Socratez Yoman,MA
“The total population of West Java is 46,497,175 people. The total population of Central Java is 35,557,248 people. The total population of East Java is 38,828,061 people.” BUT, the total population of Papua and West Papua Provinces is ONLY 4,392,025 people”.
THIS IS AMAZING, because the Indonesian Coloniser has become an ignorant ruler who has deaf ears and is full of evil intentions to fight for the addition of new provinces without adequate population numbers. Provincial division is a serious problem because the population does not meet the requirements to establish a province. The planned provinces will cause division and destruction of the cultural values of kinship and togetherness as Melanesian people. As Indonesia failed to move 2 million indigenous Papuans to Manado, the new strategy devised by the Indonesian authorities is to separate indigenous Papuans according to ethnic groups. This is a crime against humanity and is a gross human rights violation carried out by the State.
The author followed the presentation from the Minister of Home Affairs of the Republic of Indonesia, Tito Karnavian, to the Working Meeting of Commission I DPD RI in Jakarta on January 27, 2021 regarding the Government’s version of the Provincial Expansion scenario which was not RATIONAL or REALISTIC.
The Minister of Home Affairs is not paying attention to the standards and requirements for the development of a new administrative area, such as area size, population, human resources and financial and natural resources. The criteria for a new government have been largely ignored, but political interests and REMILITERIZATION have become the main mission. To be honest, the people and nation of West Papua do not need lots of division of districts and provinces. These new provinces are only for political and MILITERIZATION purposes and to move excess population from Java.
- Papua Province Capital Jayapura (Initial Province ) includes :
a. Jayapura Town
b. Jayapura Regency
c. Keerom Regency
d. Sarmi Regency
e. Maberamo Raya Regency
f. Waropen Regency
g. Kep. Yapen Regency
h. Biak Numfor Regency
i. Supiori Regency
2.South Papua Province, Capital City of Merauke, includes:
a. Merauke Regency
b. Boven Digoel Regency
c. Mappi Regency
d. Asmat Regeny
e. Peg Bintang Regency
- Central Eastern Papua Province, Capital City Wamena, includes:
a. Jayawijaya Regency
b. Lani Jaya Regency
c. Tolikora Regency
d. Nduga Regency
e. Maberamo Tengah Regency
f. Yalimo Regency
g. Yahukimo Regency
h. Puncak Jaya Regency
i. Puncak Regency
- Western Central Papua Province, Capital City Mimika ( still under debate ) includes:
a. Mimika Regency
b. Paniai Regency
c. Deiyai Regency
d. Dogiay Regency
e. Nabire Regency
f. Intan Jaya Regency
- West Papua Daya Province, Capital City Sorong, includes:
a. Town of Sorong
b. Sorong Regency
c. Sorong Selatan Regency
d. Maybrat Regency
e. Tambrauw Regency
f. Raja Ampat Regency
With these additions Papua will have six provinces. The mechanism for provincial expansion is in accordance with Article 76 of the Special Autonomy Law with additional authority changes from the central government when there is a deadlock in the region.
The total population of West Papua includes two provinces respectively: Papua Province 3,322,526 people and West Papua 1,069,498 inhabitants. The total is 4,392,024 inhabitants.
If the population is divided evenly from the total population of 4,392,024 the population for the five provinces are as follows:
- Papua Province will be inhabited by a population of 878,404 people.
- West Papua Province will be inhabited by a population of 878,404 people.
- The Province of Puppet I will be inhabited by a population of 878,404 people.
- The Province of Puppet II will be inhabited by a population of 878,404 people.
- The Province of Puppet III will be inhabited by a population of 878,404 people.
The question is whether a province with a total population of 878,404 people is worthy and eligible to become a province?
It is very important to compare with the population of the provinces of West Java,Central Java and East Java.
- Total population of West Java 46,497,175 people.
- Total population of Central Java 35,557,248 people.
- Total Population of East Java 38,828,061 people.
The question is why does the Government of the Republic of Indonesia not carry out splitting up of the provinces of West Java, Central Java and East Java, which have the largest population sizes?
As a consequence of a population shortage in this province, the Indonesian authorities will transfer the excess population of Malay Indonesians to these puppet provinces.
The creation of these five provinces also have as their main objective to build 5 Military Area Commands, 5 Police Area Command Bases, tens of Military District Commands and dozens of Police District Headquarters and various other units. The land of Melanesia will be used as the home of the military, police and Indonesian Malay people.
The consequences will be that the indigenous Papuans from Sorong to Merauke will lose their land because the land will be robbed and looted to build office buildings, Military headquarters, Police Headquarters, Army District Bases, and Police District Bases. Humans will be removed, made into poverty, without land and without a future, even slaughtered and destroyed like animals in a natural or unnatural way as we have experienced and witnessed up to the present.
There is evidence that a genocide process has been carried out by the modern colonial rulers of Indonesia in this era of civilisation. The crimes of the Indonesian colonial rulers continue to be exposed in public. In 1969, when the West Papuan people were integrated into Indonesia, the Indigenous population was around 809,337 people. Meanwhile, PNG has around 2,783,121 people. Since then, the native population of PNG has reached 8,947,024 million, while the number of Indigenous Papuans is still at 1.8 million.
This fact shows that the Indonesian government is a modern colonial ruler who occupied and colonized the people and nation of West Papua.
Dr. Veronika Kusumaryati, a daughter of Indonesia’s young generation in her dissertation entitled: Ethnography of the Colonial Present: History, Experience, And Political Consciousness in West Papua, revealed:
“For Papuans, current colonialism is marked by the experience and militarization of daily life. This colonialism can also be felt through acts of violence that are disproportionately shown to Papuans, as well in the narrative of their lives. When Indonesia arrived, thousands of people were detained, tortured and killed. Offices were looted and houses burned. … these stories did not appear in historical books, not in Indonesia, or in the Netherlands. This violence did not stop in the 1960s “(2018: 25).
The Indonesian government repeats the experience of the colonial rulers of Apartheid in South Africa. In 1978, Peter W. Botha became Prime Minister and he carried out a politics of divide and conquer by dividing the unity of the people of South Africa through establishing puppet states: 1. The Transkei Puppet State. 2. The Bophutha Tswana Puppet State. 3. Venda Puppet State. 4. The Ciskei Puppet State. (Source: 16 Most Influential Heroes of Peace: Sutrisno Eddy, 2002, p. 14).
There is a serious threat and displacement of indigenous Papuans from their ancestral lands proven by the fact that in the regencies they have been robbed by the Malays and have been deprived of their basic rights for Indigenous Papuans in the political field. See the evidence and examples as follows:
- Sarmi Regency 20 seats: 13 migrants and 7 indigenous Papuans (OAP).
- Boven Digul Regency 20 seats: 16 migrants and 6 Indigenous Papuans
- Asmat Regency 25 seats: 11 migrants and 14 Indigenous Papuans
- Mimika Regency 35 seats: 17 migrants and OAP 18 Indigenous Papuans
- 20 seats in Fakfak District: 12 migrants and 8 Indigenous Papuans.
- Raja Ampat Regency, 20 seats: 11 migrants and 9 Indigenous Papuans.
- Sorong Regency 25 seats: 19 migrants and 7 Indigenous Papuans.
- Teluk Wondama Regency 25 seats: 14 migrants and 11 Indigenous Papuans.
- Merauke Regency 30 seats: 27 migrants and only 3 Indigenous Papuans.
- South Sorong Regency 20 seats. 17 migrants and 3 indigenous Papuans.
- Kota Jayapura 40 seats: Migrants 27 people and 13 indigenous Papuans.
- Kab. Keerom 23 seats. Migrants 13 people and 7 indigenous Papuans.
- Kab. Jayapura 25 seats.
18 migrants and 7 indigenous Papuans.
Meanwhile, the members of the Representative Council of Papua and West Papua Provinces are as follows:
- Papua Province out of 55 members, 44 Papuans and 11 Malays / Newcomers.
- West Papua Province, out of 45 members, 28 Malays / Newcomers and only 17 Indigenous Papuans.
Hermanus (Herman) Wayoi’s prophecy is being fulfilled: “The Indonesian government is only trying to control this area, then plans to eradicate Melanesian ethnicity and replace it with ethnic Malays from Indonesia. This is proven by bringing in thousands of transmigrants from outside the region to inhabit fertile valleys. in Tanah Papua. Two types of operations, namely Military Operations & Transmigration Operations, show unquestionable indications of the intent and purpose of eliminating the Melanesian Race in this land … “(Source: Ethnic Melanesian Extermination: Breaking the Silence of the History of Violence in West Papua: Yoman, 2007, p. 143) Quoted from Papers of Tanah Papua (Irian Jaya) Still in Colony Status: Revealing the Conscience of the People of the Land of Papua (Bandar Numbay, Medyo February 1999). The division of the regencies / provinces in West Papua as a military operation is proven by top secret State documents.
Ministry of Home Affairs, Directorate General of National Unity and Politics, and Civil Defence: Concept of Regional Conditioning Operation Plan and Communication Network Development in Responding to the Political Direction of Irian Jaya (Papua) for Independence and Escape from the Unitary State of the Republic of Indonesia. (Source: Nota Dinas. No.578 / ND / KESBANG / D IV / VI / 2000 dated 9 June 2000 based on the radiogram of the Governor (caretaker) of the Head of Irian Jaya Region No. BB.091 / POM / 060200 dated 2 June 2000 and No. 190/1671 / SET / dated 3 June 2000 relating to demands for selfdetermination of indigenous Papuans. As for other data: “Documents of the Secretariat General of the National Defense Council, Jakarta, 27 May 2003 and dated 28 May 2003 concerning:” Conflict Resolution Strategies with a Background of Separatism in Papua Province through the Political Security Approach.”
The institutions that carry out these operations are the Ministry of Home Affairs, the Ministry of Défense and Security, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, specifically for diplomatic operations, the Indonesian Police, the Indonesian National Army, the National Intelligence Coordinating Board (BAKIN), the Strategic Intelligence Agency (BAIS TNI), KOSTRAD and KOPASSUS. The rulers of the Indonesian government should not deceive the people and burden the Indonesian people of which almost 85% are poor. Because, Bank Indonesia (BI) recorded Indonesia’s Foreign Debt (ULN) in February 2020 at a position of 407.5 billion US dollars. Indonesia’s debt will reach IDR 6,376 trillion (exchange rate of IDR 15,600). (Source: Kompas.com, 15 April 2020).
Indonesia should resolve the rotting wounds on the body of the Indonesian people, namely the 4 main roots of the Papua problem. It can be seen that the Government and TNI-Polri are working hard in various forms to eliminate the 4 root problems of Papua formulated by the Indonesian Institute of Sciences (LIPI) which are contained in the book Papua Road Map: Negotiating the Past, Improving the Present and Securing the Future (2008). The four root causes are as follows:
1) History and political status of the integration of Papua into Indonesia;
(2) State violence and gross human rights violations since 1965 that have not been resolved;
(3) Discrimination and marginalization of indigenous Papuans in their own land;
(4) Development failure including education, health, and the economy of the Papuan people.
“Papua is a rotting wound on the body of the Indonesian nation … we will be exposed in front of the civilized world, as a savage nation, a nation that kills the Papuan people” (Source: Franz Magnis: Nationality, Democracy, Pluralism: 2015: 255).
“Papuans have become a minority in their own country. It is very, very sad. Papua is still a festering wound in Indonesia.”Source: Pastor Frans Lieshout, OFM: Pastors and Teachers for Papua, 2020: 601).
Therefore there is an urgent need for a humane and respectable way to resolve the Papua issue between Indonesia and the ULMWP which is to sit equally at the peace negotiation table mediated by a neutral third party such as the example of GAM Aceh and Indonesia Helsinki on August 15, 2005.
Waa …. Waa ….. Waa ….. God bless.
Ita Wakhu Purom, Friday, 29 January 2021
Author: President of Fellowship of Baptist Churches of West Papua
- West Papua Council of Churches (WPCC)
- Pasific Conference of Churches (PCC)
- World Baptist Alliance (BWA).